Who must comply with the new rules?
All interstate truck drivers who currently are required to fill out records of duty status (RODS) or log books are required to have an ELD. However, there are a few categories of drivers that are NOT required to have these devices.
THE EXEMPT DRIVERS INCLUDE:
1. Drivers who use paper RODS for not more than 8 days during any 30-day period.*
2. Drivers who conduct driveaway-towaway operations, where the vehicle being driven is the commodity being delivered.
3. Drivers of vehicles manufactured before model year 2000.
*This group is primarily made up of short-haul drivers that currently use time cards instead of logbooks. However, if a short-haul driver uses a paper ROD more than 8 days in any 30-day rolling period, that driver must have an ELD installed in their truck.
Even though drivers mentioned here do not have to have an ELD, they must still comply with the HOS rules and keep required documents as detailed in the current rules. Additionally, motor carriers that employ ELD-exempt drivers must still have a system in place to ensure their drivers fully comply with HOS rules.
Many states automatically adopt federal rules for intrastate operations. If you live in a state that automatically adopts the federal rules, it is likely the federal ELD requirement will also apply to all your intrastate operations. Carriers that switch between intra- and interstate operations must do as before and comply with the federal regulations in the previous seven days prior to making an interstate trip. If you are a carrier that frequently switches between intra- and interstate operations, it may make more sense to install an ELD and comply with federal HOS regulations.
Each motor carrier should check with their state trucking association or state enforcement agency to find out if their state will adopt the federal ELD requirement and the timing of that adoption.